M HKA gaat digitaal

Met M HKA Ensembles zetten we onze eerste échte stappen in het digitale landschap. Ons doel is met behulp van nieuwe media de kunstwerken nog beter te kaderen dan we tot nu toe hebben kunnen doen.

We geven momenteel prioriteit aan smartphones en tablets, m.a.w. de in-museum-ervaring. Maar we zijn evenzeer hard aan het werk aan een veelzijdige desktop-versie. Tot het zover is vind je hier deze tussenversie.

M HKA goes digital

Embracing the possibilities of new media, M HKA is making a particular effort to share its knowledge and give art the framework it deserves.

We are currently focusing on the experience in the museum with this application for smartphones and tablets. In the future this will also lead to a versatile desktop version, which is now still in its construction phase.

Marcel Broodthaers

©image: M HKA

1924 - 1976

Born in Sint-Gillis (BE), died in Köln (DE).

Marcel Broodthaers (1924, Brussels – 1976, Cologne) is one of the most intriguing artists of the twentieth century. Since his death many have tried to understand the complex, well-read and humorous artist that Broodthaers was. Broodthaers used poetry to question convention. In this way he tried to resist any political system that makes the creation of symbols its main goal. But he understood like no other that the art world cannot escape this. His work shows that what is regarded as the 'natural order' at any given moment is always the result of political practices and thus the exclusion of other possibilities. Broodthaers reminds us that the world always could have been different.

In 1942 Broodthaers began studying chemistry at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, but he soon abandoned that plan in order to devote himself entirely to poetry. In 1943 he became a member of the communist party (until 1951) and joined a Brussels literary, artistic and political community. Broodthaers worked as a bookseller in Brussels after World War II. He met Paul Nougé, Marcel Lecomte and René Magritte and signed the pamphlets of the 'revolutionary surrealists'. Some of his poems were  published in magazines and he made his début as a journalist in the communist magazine Le Salut Public (Hebdomadaire de précision politique et littéraire) with contributions on politics, literature and film.

From 1957 Broodthaers gave guided tours of the Centre for Fine Arts (BOZAR) in Brussels. It is there that he met Julien Coulommier, who taught Broodthaers photography. Broodthaers's first film was shown in 1958 at the experimental film festival in Knokke; La Clef de l'Horloge. Un poème cinématographique en l’honneur de Kurt Schwitters. In 1963 Broodthaers submitted four works for the Prijs van de Jonge Belgische Schilderkunst and received an award for his sculpture Monument Public n°4. Between 1957 and 1964 Broodthaers publishes four  poetry collections: Mon Livre d'Ogre by L'Enseigne de l'Arquebuse du silence in Ostend, Minuit (1960) published by Georges Houyoux (Editeur des Artistes) in Brussels and two self-published collections, La Bête Noire (1961) and Pense- Bete (1964).

In 1964 Broodthaers organised his first solo exhibition in the Brussels Galerie Saint-Laurent and exhibited, among others, Le Pense-Bête. The sculpture consists of around 50 of his recently published Pense-Bête poetry collections fixed in plaster and depicts Broodthaers' transition from poet to poet-artist. He made a striking invitation pamphlet for the exhibition Moi aussi, je me suis demandé si je ne pouvais pas vendre quelque chose… that went through the art world like a shock wave because no one dared to talk so openly about the mechanisms of art. As a conservative European at heart, Broodthaers seems not ideologically but spiritually offended by the brutal new culture of commerce and entertainment.

In 1966 Broodthaers had his first exhibition at the pioneering Wide White Space Gallery in Antwerp. The title of the exhibition betrayed what was on display: Moules Œufs Frites Pots Charbon. Pop art was the language of young artists and Broodthaers was very aware of this. But in 1967 Broodthaers reintroduced words in his work. The film Le Corbeau et le Renard shows everyday objects and photos on a background of text. At the invitation of the Wide White Space he decided to sell the film as an art object, or multiple, consisting of the actual film, two screens and prints for the wall.

In May 1968 Broodthaers participated in the occupation of the BOZAR as a mediator between the occupiers and the museum staff. Shortly afterwards Broodthaers wrote his first open letter, addressed to 'my friends', in which he distanced himself from the collective occupation. In the open letter of September 1968 Broodthaers announced the opening of his own Musée d’Art Moderne, Département des Aigles. The museum opened in 1968 at Broodthaers's home (Boomkwekerijstraat in Brussels), expanded to several cities in different sections and closed in 1972 (Documenta van Kassel, in Germany).

In 1974 Catalogue-Catalogus in the BOZAR is the first of a series of retrospective exhibitions organised by Broodthaers. In his great synthesis work Décor: In A Conquest from 1975 the artist links a bourgeois past to the consumer society of the time and the relationship between war and comfort is brought to a head.

Broodthaers is represented in the M HKA collection with several specific works, each in their own way expressing an aspect of his thinking and expressive ability, but above all, each time positioning the artist in the (art) world. Ma collection (1971) is a unique collage of his own creations to put himself in the spotlight at the art fair in Cologne, Lettre ouverte (1972) is a print designed as a premium for the Masereelcentrum and Die Welt (1973) is a series of nine typographic paintings, each evoking the world of a German historical figure (Kant, Nietzsche, Goethe, Marx, Beethoven, Hegel and Hölderlin).    



>videostill from , Collectiepresentation XXIII - Marcel Broodthaers and friends, M HKA, 2008


>Marcel Broodthaers, Grande casserole de moules, 1966.Sculpture, gietijzeren kookpot, mosselschelpen en gekleurde hars, 70 × Ø 65 cm.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Pot Moule Coeur, 1966.Sculpture, glass, printed label, mussels, formol, 30 x Ø 18 cm.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Moules Oeufs Frites Pots Charbon, 1966.Book, catalogus solotentoonstelling in wide white space gallery, antwerpen, 26 mei – 26 juni 1966 offset lithograph, 8 pages (12 pages including cover?), tekst by and designed by marcel broodthaers, 20 × 14 cm.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Frites, 1966.Sculpture, beschilderde keramische kom met verkoold en beschilderd hout, 22 x Ø 24 cm.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Petite tour avec 31 yeux à 4 étages, 1966.Sculpture, silkscreened paper, plastic jars, plexiglas and steel nuts and bolts, 32.5 x 18 x 18 cm.

>Bernd Lohaus, Dr. Hugo Heyrman, Jeroen Henneman, Panamarenko, Marcel Broodthaers, Zonder titel, 1967.Multiple.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Two pieces of coal wrapped in cotton wool, 1967.Object, katoen en kool, 12 x 7.5 x 6 cm; 12.5 x 10.5 x 5 cm.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Portrait de Maria Gilissen avec Statif, 1967.Photography, gelatin silver emulsion on canvas and tripod, canvas 101.5 x 83.5 cm, statief 110 x 82 x 62 cm.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Le Corbeau et le Renard, 1967-1972.Installation, projectieschermen; fotografisch doek; typografie op karton; 16 mm film , variable dimensions.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Museum voor Moderne Kunst - Afdeling: De Arenden, 1969.Miscellaneum, 1 p.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Le Fusil Brisé, 1970.Sculpture, ongebakken klei, 15.5 (deksel in plexi inbegrepen) x 77 x 32 cm.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Ma collection, 1971.Collage, assemblage en collage op beide zijden van twee panelen, panel: 100 × 65 cm.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Gedicht/Poem/Poème - Change/Exchange/Wechsel, 1973.Print, ink, cardboard, 2 x (102.1 x 72.4 cm).

>Marcel Broodthaers, Série de neuf peintures en langue allemande: Die Welt, 1973.Painting, acryl, cloth, plexi, 9 x (79.8 x 100 cm).

>Marcel Broodthaers, Soleil, 1974.Painting, impression typographique sur toile de peintre, 104 x 84 cm .

>Marcel Broodthaers, Les Animeaux de la ferme, 1974.Print, ink, paper, 81.9 x 60.3 cm.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Tapis de sable, 1974.Installation, quartz sand, pigments, palmtree in pot, printed terry cloth, 337 x 220 cm, 198 x 160 x 60 cm, 107 x 52.4 cm.

>Marcel Broodthaers, La Soupe de Daguerre, 1975.Photography, screenprint and 12 photographs, colour, on paper, 54 x 52.5 x 3 cm.

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>Marcel Broodthaers, Marcel Broodthaers - Je m'en lave les mains, 1982.Book, ink, paper, 18.6 x 14.1 cm, language : French, author Marcel Broodthaers, publisher : Seedorn Verlag, Zürich.

>Joseph Beuys, Marcel Broodthaers, James Lee Byars, Beuys 2017 - Broodthaers 2018 - Byars 2019 in Antwerpen (Over drie komende tentoonstellingen in M HKA - Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst Antwerpen, 2017.Book, ink, paper, 28.7 x 20.1 cm, 27 p., language : English, publisher : M HKA Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Antwerpen, ISBN : 978-907-282-8569.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Marcel Broodthaers 'Soleil Politique', 2019.Book, ink, paper, 29.2 x 20.2 cm, 159 p., language : Dutch, French, German (with English translation in seperate publication), publisher : Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst (M HKA), Antwerp, ISBN : 9789072828668.

>Marcel Broodthaers, Lettre ouverte.Collage, ink, paper, 51.5 x 38 cm.

Exhibitions & Ensembles

> Exhibition: Chris Reinecke - Haben Sie Zeit zum Lesen?. 14 May 2022 - 21 August 2022.

> Exhibition: From Broodthaers to Braeckman – Photography in the Visual Arts in Belgium. 06 October 2016 - 05 February 2017.

> Exhibition: Joseph Beuys – Greetings from the Eurasian. 13 October 2017 - 21 January 2018.

> Exhibition: LATT: Graphology Chapter 4 – Focus on Cinematography. 25 August 2011 - 25 September 2011.

> Exhibition: LATT: MUHKADEMIE 2013. 27 September 2013 - 05 January 2014.

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> Exhibition: Lichtkathedralen. 01 May 1967 - 30 June 1967.

> Exhibition: Marcel Broodthaers: Soleil Politique. 04 October 2019 - 19 January 2020.

> Exhibition: Museum in Motion. 16 September 2022 - 08 January 2023.

> Exhibition: Museum in Motion - Marcel Broodthaers. 16 September 2022 - 08 January 2023.

> Exhibition: Superdemocracy – The Senate of Things. 01 October 2017 - 31 October 2017.

> Exhibition: The City Collection: IN/SIGHT. 16 May 2024 - 06 January 2025.

> Exhibition: The collection XXIX – Spirits of Internationalism: 6 European Collections 1956-1986. 20 January 2012 - 29 April 2012.

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> Ensemble: 2022.

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> Ensemble: A379089.


> Ensemble: Artist Books.

> Ensemble: Collectie Vlaamse Gemeenschap.


> Ensemble: Het Transcendente [The Transcendental].

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> Ensemble: Huis A 37 90 89.


> Ensemble: Jef Verheyen - ARCHIVE.

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> Ensemble: kunstenaarsboeken uit de jaren '80 [artists' books from the 80s].




> Ensemble: The City Collection / De Stadscollectie / La collection municipale.